The "Malouf" is the form of Arab-Andalusian musical tradition in Constantine. The word in Arabic means "true to the tradition." Fidelity to the musical heritage which is enriched in Andalusia, the eighth to the fifteenth centuries in the royal courts, intellectual circles and gardens of bliss, Granada, Cordoba, Seville, mixing Muslims and Jews in the celebration of courtly love and momentum towards God. With the expulsion from Spain in 1492, Muslims and Jews, has closed a page, the echoes of which, however, persist in Iberia today.
The constantinian malouf has indeed stayed true to tradition by keeping its 12 famous Nubas (rhythms) which you only get to enjoy when you are around here, the malouf these days has a very diversified soul, with andalusian, Turkish, islamic and some berber elements in it, that is exactly how special it is, if you around Constantine you must assist one of the malouf’s concerts, there is always one around. Among Malouf masters we can include: Abdelkrim Bestandji, Omar said Chenoufi Chaqleb Esseghir Abderrahmane Karabaghli Mohamed El Kourd, Mohamed Tahar Fergani, Cheikh Raymond, Abdelmoumene Bentobal, Ahcène El Annabi, Simone Tamar Mustapha Remli.
At Constantine there is another major musical genre, as old as shindig, known under the name Zjoul (they are clean azjels school Constantine and not interpreted in the Nuba). The themes of Zjoul relate to nature. The zjoul interpreting a monotone music that ends with an elegant flight. This genre uses the musical modes known in the Andalusian School of Constantine but with its own rhythms. The song of Zjoul is often accompanied by hand strikes. The great masters of Zjoul have names: Maammar Berrachi and Sheikh Hassouna.