French turrkish and Islamic architecture is strongly present at the very heart of the city.
Constantine Medina consists of several "houma" (neighborhoods). The four main are those at the four ends of the old town, Tabia, Casbah, El Kantara and Bab el Djabia2. Many other neighborhoods comprise the medina, which Sharaa, Arbaine Cherif, Ech Chott Bouannaba Sidi Sidi Bzar, Rahbett Djmel El Batha El Moukof El Hara el Hamra2. In the medina of Constantine, the urban space is categorized between public places, semi-private, and private. Indeed the medina is organized in the main streets, which lead to different gates of the city and the places and crossroads that dot the city. Adjacent lanes through the city from the main streets. These streets lead to dead ends whose entrance is marked by a Sabbath (walkway) 3. These impasses are semi-private places that lead to the private area of the houses. Many mansions and palaces mostly dating from the sixteenth and seventeenth century occupy urban space. Many hammams (baths) dot the city, and fondouks and souks. Also many religious buildings such as mosques and zawiyas characterize the Constantine urban element.