Béjaïa (Berber: Bgayet, ⴱⴳⴰⵢⴻⵜ), formerly Bougie and Bugia, is a Mediterranean port city on the Gulf of Béjaïa in Algeria; it is the capital of Béjaïa Province, Kabylia. Béjaïa is the largest city in the Kabylian region, and is one of the largest principally Berber-speaking cities of Algeria. the town is overlooked by the mountain Yemma Gouraya, whose profile is said to resemble a sleeping woman; other nearby scenic spots include the Aiguades beach and the Pic des Singes (Monkey Peak); the latter site is a habitat for the endangered Barbary macaque, which prehistorically had a much broader distribution than at present. All three of these geographic features are contained in the Gouraya National Park. The Soummam river runs past the town.
Béjaïa stands on the site of the ancient city of Saldae, a minor port in Carthaginian and Roman times in an area at first inhabited by Numidian Berbers and founded as a veteran colony by emperor Augustus. It was an important town in the province of Mauretania Caesariensis, and the later Sitifensis. In the 5th century, Saldae became the capital of the short-lived Vandal Kingdom of the Germanic Vandals, which ended in about 533 with the Byzantine conquest, which established an African prefecture and later the Exarchate of Carthage. After the 7th-century Arab conquest, Saldae declined and had practically disappeared by the end of the first millennium. In the 11th century, it was refounded as "Béjaïa" by the BerberHammadid dynasty, made it their capital, and it became an important port and centre of culture.
With the spread of Christianity, Saldae became a bishopric. Its bishop Paschasius was one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484 and then exiled, No longer a residential bishopric, Saldae is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see, This titular see was at one time called Bugia, the Italian form of Béjaïa. This was the form of the title borne by George Hilary Brown, titular bishop of Bugia from 5 June 1840 until 22 April 1842, when he became bishop of Liverpool. Christianity survived the Arab conquest, the disappearance of the old city of Saldae, and the founding of the new city of Béjaïa. A letter of Pope Gregory VII (1073–1085) exists, addressed to clero et populo Buzee (the clergy and people of Béjaïa), in which he writes of the consecration of a bishop named Servandus for Christian north Africa. The son of a Pisan merchant (and probably consul), posthumously known as Fibonacci (1170–1250), there learned under the Almohad dynasty about Indian mathematics which he called Modus Indorum , Hindu-Arabic numerals, and introduced them and modern mathematics into medieval Europe. A mathematical-historical analysis of Fibonacci's context and proximity to Béjaïa, an important exporter of wax in his time, has suggested that it was actually the bee-keepers of Béjaïa and the knowledge of the bee ancestries that truly inspired the Fibonacci numbers rather than the rabbit reproduction model as presented in his famous book Liber Abaci. In 1315, Raymond Lully died as a result of being stoned at Béjaïa, where, a few years before, Peter Armengaudius (Peter Armengol) is reputed to have been hanged. In the 13th century Béjaïa was acquired by the Hafsid Empire when the dynasty took control of Tunis. Pirates were active along the Barbary Coast starting in the 16th century. After a Spanish occupation (1510–55), the city was taken by the Ottoman Turks in the Capture of Bougie in 1555. Until it was captured by The French in 1833, Bejaia was the strong hold the berber pirates. The city consisted of kabyle berbers, Arabic speaking moors, moriscos and jews increased by jewish refugees from spain. City landmarks include a 16th-century mosque and a casbah (fortress) built by the Spanish in 1545. A picture of the Orientalist painter Maurice Boitel, who painted in the city for a while, can be found in the museum of Béjaïa.
For the walks, to assemble in Yemma Gouraya 660 m of altitude, where a Fort built by the Spaniards is, it east 14 km of sinuous road, while passing by the Peak of the Monkeys. The road of the Cape Carbon passes by a wood of pines and olive-trees and circumvents Gouraya, where a tunnel dug in the rock leads to a marvellous site of cliff and sea vis-a-vis the course. A path goes down until the floods to go up in the summit meeting of the Cape to 220 m with the highest headlight of the Mediterranean. Always in the west, a path circumvents cliff towards a famous site: the handle of Ayguades where the Spaniards in 1507 had unloaded. It is the place of meeting of the young people for picnics, bathes in papered bay of rollers. Then, towards the Cape Sigli (40 km) until Azzefoun a wild beauty marks the circuit. In Cape Sigli, the area is famous for its abundance of underwater fauna. The Road of Cêdres passes by Toudja (22 km) - fed out of drinking water by a Roman aqueduct. Beyond that, it is the cornice: Tichy is luxurious the appendix-holidays of Béjaia, one arrives at Aokas and Souk el Tenine. Djebel Babor, classified National park whose peaks reach 2004 m, to 15 km of the coast, and the Throats of Kherrata deserve a stop. Towards the South, the Valley of Soummam, between Djurdjura and Babors, is bordered of cities (Wadi Amizour, El Kseur, Sidi-Aich, Seddouk, Ighzer-Amokrane, Akbou, Tazmalt, Ighil-Ali, and Blessed-Mansour). The valley is agricultural, but the historic sites do not miss. Many Roman ruins are on the level of El Kseur and Oued Amizour, in Seddouk, one will find there fall it from Sheik Bel Haddad, Ifri, the village which had accomodated the Congress of Soummam, not far from Akbou, the thermal spa Sidi Yahia, and more in the south, close to Ighil Ali, native village of the family of Taos, Ferhat Amrouche, Kelaâ Beni Hemmad.
Getting there and around
At a few hours of Marseilles and Algiers, opposite Toulon at the bottom of a golf with blue and transparent water, surrounded by a true circus of high mountains, whose summits remained covered with snow until the beginning of the summer, boldly built on the mountainsides of Gouraya which dominates of its giant mass marvellous roads pointing out at the same time the gulf of Naples and the Geneva Lake, the vain town of Candle, which a princely traveller, the Sal archduke of Austria named poetically: “The Pearl of North Africa”, is offered to the surprised visitor who discovers it abruptly, while arriving from Algiers by sea, a such nest of greenery in the abrupt cliff whose walls notched by the secular attacks of the waves sheltered a long time in their deep caves the boats of the daring barbaresque pirates. The privileges which its geographical position offers to him, it is located between the sea and the mountain and has the charm of the small Italian towns of fishermen. The streets are narrow and climbing. from its situation between the sea, the solid masses and the configuration of its relief and its littoral, Béjaia holds enormous tourist and historical richnesses. For the balneal, the course of dimension, long tourism, 100 km will make discover with the visitors the beauty of the beaches and the courses in particular: Tichy, Watering places, Aokas, Souk-El-Ténine, Cliffs, Boulimat, Saket, Cape Carbon, Cape Bouak, course Sigli…) In the field of climatic tourism and hydrotherapy, Béjaia has important not yet developed natural sites
The hotel is situated under a 10-minute car trip from Soummam - Abane Ramdane Airport.
Hotel Chrea ( 34 20 50 50 Residence Chrea. 04, Bejaia, Algeria, Starting from 4000 DA)
The hotel has 50 rooms and has been recently refurbished. Hotel Chrea provides cosy rooms, equipped to suit the needs of any guest. Hotel Chrea is under a 10-minute drive from Soummam - Abane Ramdane Airport. Starting price is
Hotel Sophotel (Rn 9, Route De Setif Ireyahene, Bejaia, Algeria)
The hotel has 74 rooms and has been recently refurbished. Hotel Sophotel offers cosy rooms, designed to suit the needs of any guest. Hotel Sophotel is located within a 10-minute car ride from Soummam - Abane Ramdane Airport.
Royal Bejaia ( 034 21 69 40, Route De L'Universite Ihaddadene, Bejaia, Algeria, 3600DA)
This charming hotel is situated in the centre of Bejaia. The hotel has 63 rooms and has been recently refurbished. The hotel offers cosy rooms, designed to accommodate the needs of any guest. The Royal Bejaia is located under a 10-minute car ride from Soummam Abane Ramdane Airport.
Hotel Les Hamadites (0 34 23 57 01, Route national No 09 Algeria, Tichy, http://www.hotelhammadites.com, 2800 DA)
Situated in Tichy, Hotel Les Hamadites is an easy drive from Bejaia. The hotel has 125 rooms that are filled with all the necessities to ensure a comfortable stay. Those staying at Hotel Les Hamadites are served breakfast in the dining room every day. Soummam - Abane Ramdane Airport is under a 15-minute drive from the hotel.
Saphir Bleu (034 22 66 11/64 31, Boulevard Krim Belkacem, Béjaïa, 06000, Algérie, www.lezephyrhotel.com)
AUBERGE DU PALMIER (0 34 22 78 024, rue Nacer-Ben-Yahia BEJAÏA Algérie. 1700DA)
Quite the classy and nice place , the Palm is probably the only table for dinner in town. Fresh fish according arrivals : mullet , whiting, swordfish , sepia...Paella (Thursday evening). It is recommended for its service, cuisine and especially its frame. This is by far the best restaurant in the city. Its terrace and three rooms , one with its typical fireplace, overlook the port. Serves alcohol. Open every day except Friday. Count 1700 DA for starter, main course and a soft drink
PLAZZA (Carrefour de Daouadji Route de Sidi Ahmed BEJAÏA Algérie)
A friendly self-service at the crossroads of Daouadji. Around 500 AD the plate.
DALI BOU LA GLACE (0 30 43 21 90 Round-point in downtown BEJAÏA Algérie)
full in weekends and throughout the summer for its créponné ( lemon sorbet , Blackfoot specialty) , and garantita (chickpeas blank ) that rivals the best of Oran, this snack is ideal for munchies downtown
TIZI LUNCH (Round-point in downtown BEJAÏA Algérie)
One of the best eateries on the side of Aamriw . Popular dishes (tripe , abas sauce , loubia , lentils ... ) in a popular atmosphere . Renowned for its bouzelouf , he is the only one way to prepare. We appreciate the wafer ( AGHROUM tajine ) any hot . Around 350 AD the plate.
Other there are other great restaurant almost everywhere, some alleys are specifically food oriented, you can find dozens of restaurants, fast food and pizzerias, around bejaia food isn’t a problem.
Drinks are available almost everywhere, you can grab it just from the store next doors, bars and clubs are also of abundance, probably the most abundant in all Algeria.